How to Troubleshoot and Repair a Refrigerator

How to Troubleshoot and Repair a Refrigerator : Refrigerator Diagram

Refrigerator is one heavy-duty home appliance that needs proper care and maintenance to get the best life and performance. Most problems with a refrigerator need an expert to trouble and fix problems, but there are few things that you can do yourself to troubleshoot and find the problem and fix it. These DIY problems are mostly related with the external parts of the appliance such as the condenser, power supply or even the temperature controls and the thermostat.

It is also recommended that in order to increase the life and performance of your refrigerator, you should always clean the condenser coils at least once or even twice a year.

If your refrigerator is not working or cooling, do following to troubleshoot and find and fix the problem:

My Refrigerator Not Working at all

The first thing to check in this case in the power cord or the power supply. Make sure that the power cord in plugged in and the switch in ON. If everything is OK and the appliance is still not working then check out the power outlet for power using a tester. Also check the circuit breaker or the fuse. If everything is Ok then do following:

  • Remove the power cord and move the refrigerator away from the wall.
  • Check the bulb. It should light on when you open the door. If it doesn’t then there is some problem. Many modern and new refrigerators have a “kill switch” along the door. Press the switch and see if the light turns on. Sometime the bulb remains ON even when the door is closed. This same switch should help to turn it OFF. If it doesn’t then there is some problem. Call a repairperson.

My Refrigerator in ON but is Not Cooling. What is the Problem and How to Fix This Problem?

Check out the temperature setting. The normal temperature must be between 1 to 5 Degrees Celsius. Adjust the thermostat controller to a higher level. If this doesn’t works then there could be some problem with the fan or even the condenser coils. Remove the cover and vacuum clean the fan and condenser coil cover. Using a brush, clean with soap and water. Make sure the power cord is not plugged in.

Sometimes, a refrigerator doesn’t cool because of ice or frost inside the freezer. Most modern refrigerator models come with automatic defrost. Some refrigerators have one-touch defrost button. Just press the button and the refrigerator turns OFF until all the ice in the freezer has melted. If your refrigerator doesn’t has such feature then you will have to defrost manually. Remove all items from the appliance and turn off the refrigerator and leave the doors open for few hours so that ice can melt. Clean all the water from the refrigerator. Switch on the refrigerator and see if it is cooling properly now. If this doesn’t solve the problem then call a repair person.

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