A beautiful garden full of colorful flowers and fresh green organic vegetables is the dream of every home owner. If you have enough space, you too can plan a garden. It can be a flower garden or a vegetable garden or a mix of both.
I personally have a well-planned garden where I have planted a mix of flowers and vegetables. I love walking around beautiful colorful flowers, taking care of the vegetables and watering the plants.
How To Plan a Flower Garden – Beginners Guide
Most people make the mistake of not planning their garden. Planning a good layout and then planting flowers is a good idea. This way you can utilize all the available space and leave some area to move around. It is good to look for some good garden layouts on the internet to get ideas. It can be layout for a flower garden or layout for a vegetable garden or both.
Once you have worked on the layout, it is time to prepare the soil. For this you will need some gardening tools.
List of Essential Must-Have Gardening Tools
- Pruners: Get a set of good quality pruner. These tools are needed for all kinds of cutting jobs in the garden.
- Digging Spade.
- A Garden Shovel.
- A Garden Folk.
- A Soil Rack: For leveling the soil.
- Soil Weeder.
- Leaf Rack: To clean leaves.
- Garden Hose: To water the plants.
- Watering Wand.
- Water Sprinkler (If you can afford)
- Other Tools: Few other tools like scissors, knife etc are readily available in most homes.
Preparing the Soil
Remove all the grass and all unwanted plants and items from the garden area. If the soil is hard, use the garden hose pipe to water the whole garden area to loosen the soil. It gets easy to dig. Doesn’t matters whether the soil is clay or sandy.
Dig the soil and add compost all over. Water the soil and leave for few hours and then level the soil. Now the soil is ready for the seeds and plants.
Which Plants to Select for Flower Garden
There are wide choices when it comes to selecting plants for flower garden. Some plants like the annuals are all-season plants, easily available and easy to plant and grow. There are perennials that bloom at different times. Some plants grow well in the sun and some other grows well in the shade. Some need regular watering and some others can survive with little or even no water.
It is wise to select mix of flower garden plants. Below list of flower garden plants may be helpful to you.
List of Flower Garden Plants
- Annuals: These are all-season plants. Most of them repeat a cycle – grow, flower, set seeds and die in one season. Some well known and widely planted annuals are Cosmos, Marguerite Daisies, Spider Flower, Blue Salvia, Sweet Alyssum, Nigella, Geranium and Impatiens.
- Perennials: These are flower plants that bloom for about 2 to four 4 each season. Select perennials that bloom at different time and are easy to care and grow. Some of the best choices are – Astilbe, Avens, Bergenia, Butterfly flower (Asclepias tuberosa), Candytuft (Iberis), Coral bells (Heuchera), Cranesbill (Geranium), Daylilies (Hemerocallis), Pinks (Dianthus), Gas plant (Dictamnus albus), Globe thistle (Echinops), Globe-flower (Trollius), Ornamental grasses, Peony (Paeonia), Stonecrop (Sedum), Siberian iris (Iris siberica), Solomon’s seal (Polygonatum), Speedwell (Veronica), Yarrow (Achillea)
- Biennials: These are plants that grow just leaves in the first year, bloom in the second year then seed and die. Because these plants self-seed themselves, there is nothing to worry about. Well known and widely planted biennial plants are – hollyhocks, foxgloves and verbascums.
- Bulbs and Corms: These are very colorful and beautiful seasonal flower plants. Favorites are tulips, snowdrops, crocuses, gladioli, daffodils, dahlias, begonia, calla and canna lilies.
- Climbers: These are vines that will climb anywhere in your garden. Common plants are – clematis, morning glory, sweet peas and hyacinth bean.
- Ornamental Grasses: These all-season beautiful garden grasses are great and must-have addition to any garden. They can change color and boom flowers. There are wide varieties of garden ornamental grasses available depending upon where you live in the world. Consult your local supplier.
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