Hardwood floors and hardwood flooring guide: Learn all about hardwood floors and hardwood flooring tips, reviews and guide including – Types of hardwood floors, hardwood floors price, hardwood floors refinishing, hardwood floors price, hardwood floors installation and cleaning and care for hardwood floors. Hardwood floors are incredibly beautiful, highly durable and extremely affordable. They are natural and safe for the environment.
Types of Hardwood Wood Flooring
Hardwood flooring comes in two constructions – solid and engineered.
Solid hardwood flooring features strips or wide planks composed completely of one species of wood. Solid hardwood flooring can be sanded down and refinished several times.
Engineered hardwood flooring strips or planks have a wood veneer surface covering several layers of plywood, MDF (medium-density fiberboard), hardboard, or particleboard. Engineered hardwood flooring is less susceptible to the effects of moisture and temperature changes. These are also easier to install.
Hardwood Floors Price
Price of hardwood flooring material depends on type and quality. The better the quality, the more the price. If you don’t have proper information of hardwood floor pricing, the shopping for hardwood floors may get difficult and even expensive.
Listed price of most hardwood floors do not include the installation costs and labor charges. Get rates and quotes from your dealer before buying or installation of your hardwood floor.
Hardwood Floors Refinishing: How to Refinish a Hardwood Floor
Refinishing hardwood floors takes time, patience, and the proper tools and techniques. If done properly, results can be extraordinary. Here is how to refinish a hardwood floor.
Sanding the Floor
- The first step is to sand the floor. Remove all furniture from the room and make sure it is clean.
- It is good if you have a floor sander or a normal drum sander. If you don’t have one, you can always rent it from an equipment rental shop. I suggest orbital sanders because they are designed for floor refinishing and are easier to control. Also get some sandpaper of different grits.
- Clip the heaviest-grit sandpaper into the sander and run it over the floor in the direction of the wood grain. Push or pull the sander in straight, even strokes. Make sure that you don’t sand across the grain.
- Next step is to remove the heavy-grit sandpaper and clip a lighter-grain sandpaper into the sander machine. Move the machine across the floor same as before. You can use a shop vac to pick up sanding dust. Keep repeating the process with the next lighter grain sandpaper until you get a smooth and beautiful floor.
Staining the Floor
If you want to leave your floor natural after sanding, you can move to applying a finish to the floor (See step 3 below). If you want to stain the floor, following are the steps:
- Remove all sawdust from the floor and make sure it is clean. It is extremely important to make the floor really clean this stage to get the best results. Make sure the room it properly ventilated.
- Using a rag apply some stain on the floor on one corner and wait for 5 minutes for the stain to dry. Once the stain is dry, you will know the actual color. If you are satisfied, continue ahead, or formulate the stain according to the desired color you want.
- Using a brush or rag, apply a first coat of stain to floor. Apply with long, even strokes, going with the grain. Allow this first coat to dry.
- If necessary, apply a second coat, or touch up light spots. Make sure the floor is completely dry before you apply finish.
Finishing the Floor
- Stir and shake the container of polyurethane finish. Shaking the mix will create air bubbles that show up in the final finish.
- Using a brush or a roller, apply polyurethane to the floor. Make smooth and even strokes with the grain to avoid marks in the finish.
- Allow the finish to dry.
- Add a second coat of polyurethane if required. Allow the final coat to dry for about 2-3 days. Now you have a smooth and beautiful hardwood floor. Move in your furniture.
How to Install a Hardwood Floor
DIY installation of hardwood floors is not easy. If you have prior experience in sanding and finishing wood floors, the job can be easier for you. Buy if you are a dummy, I suggest you to hire a professionally qualified hardwood flooring installer.
If you want to do it yourself, I suggest that you choose the prefinished type of hardwood floor to install. Choose the hardwood species that you want. Measure the width and length of the room and multiply for the square footage. When ordering hardwood flooring, allow 10-15 percent extra for irregular boards and any cutting mistake.
Wood Flooring Cleaning and Care
Taking proper care of wood flooring can increase its natural beauty and increase its life. All wood flooring need proper and regular repair and care to maintain the natural beauty.
To maintain wood floors, vacuum or dry-mop them about once a week. Never wax a wood floor that has been coated with a polyurethane finish. Doing so will make it impossible to re-coat it in the future without first sanding it.
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