Drinking polluted or contaminated water can cause you health problems. Water quality problems can be solved by water treatment and purification using the right kind of devices and appliances. There are several water purification methods but one should remember that not a single method will eliminate all types of contaminants and pollutants and make water 100% safe for drinking. In order to make water 100% pure and safe for drinking, more than one water purification method and technology may be used. The need is to select the best suitable device that suits and solves your water quality problem. Choosing the right water purification appliance / equipment / device need some job.
Let us now understand how to choose the best water purification devise that solves your problem:
People living in different locations and places have different water problems. If your water problem is grit, dirt, sediment, rust, or other such particles, a screening filter may be sufficient. Screening filters are made of fiber, fabric, ceramic, or other screening material that catch particles and filters the water.
How to Solve Drinking Water Problem
If you have problem with taste, smells, or looks of the water then a filter containing activated carbon (AC) may solve your problem. If you want to remove inorganic chemicals such as chlorine, pesticides, herbicides, radon, trihalomethanes etc then a filter with activated carbon is suitable for you. Lead is an exception with AC filters. You should always check if the AC filter that you are buying is suitable for lead removal or not.
Don’t rely on a conventional carbon filter to remove salts, nitrates, nitrites, metals and disease-causing germs and organisms. A carbon filter will accumulate the contaminants removed from water, and bacteria may even breed in it causing health problems. Therefore, you must replace filter cartridges at regular intervals as per the manufacturer’s recommendations.
If your water problem is inorganic chemicals, such as salts, metals, lead, minerals, nitrates, asbestos, and other organic chemicals then you should go for a reverse-osmosis (RO) filter. Most models of water filters include carbon pre-filters and post-filters that filter sediment, pesticides, herbicides, THMs, and radon. RO filters can also remove lead and chlorine (to some extent). The Pre- and post-filter cartridges should be replaced annually.
If your water problem is with dissolved solids, such as salts, asbestos fibers, metals, minerals, particles then a distiller may do the job for you. Distillers heat water until it turns to steam and then condenses the steam back into water in a separate water chamber.
Other water purification that you have is Ultraviolet (UV) disinfection devices that may kill bacteria and viruses and improve the taste of water and make it odorless. The negative part is that UV water purifiers are not effective against chemical pollutants. Ultraviolet is sometimes used in combination with carbon filters to kill bacteria.
Hard water problem: This is the most common water problem around the world. Hard water is basically caused by an overabundance of minerals. Hard water normally doesn’t cause any health problem. It causes soap scum, bathtub ring, dish spots, and damage deposits in pipes and hot water heaters. You may need more soap when cleaning with hard water. The only and the most common health problems associated with hard water are skin irritation which is basically caused by soap scum.
Hard water can be conditioned by using an ion exchange water softener. Ion exchange water softeners conditions hard water by substituting sodium chloride for minerals such as calcium, magnesium, and iron. Remember that this sodium added to water can he hazardous to health.
Of course, you can always buy a bottled water to solve your drinking water problem that is never going to be cheap in the long run. You need a permanent solution to your water problem.
Drink pure and safe water and be healthy.
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