This guide on basics of home plumbing system explains how home plumbing system works. This will help home owners to do DIY home plumbing repair and solve and fix home plumbing problems easily. There is nothing special about what professional plumbers do. Most plumbers in the world have not got any training in any school. They have learnt most of the plumbing jobs by observation or by working under another experienced plumber. I have observed many plumbers doing plumbing repair at my own home and have learnt some of the basics.
I also maintain a plumbing tool kit with all the essential tools needed to do DIY home plumbing repair and installation. The job may initially look difficult but it is actually easy if you really want to learn and do it yourself. This will save both time and money.
I do want to note that there could be a time when you need a more experienced plumber for something major. Depending upon where you live, rates will vary. For example, it’s probably going to be tough finding a plumber in Los Angeles who will work for the same rates as a plumber based somewhere in rural Kentucky.
Let us now learn the basics of home plumbing system.
Planning Network of Pipes
Network of home plumbing runs across the bathroom, kitchen, water supply and drain. Different pipes and connectors are used in the network. PVC or metal pipes runs across the water supply system in the bathroom and the kitchen. Drain pipes and vent pipes runs across the drain-waste-vent system. Proper planning of the network of pipes is needed to ensure trouble-free supply of water to different faucets, fixtures, and other home appliances and drainage of waste water without clogging.
Water Supply System
Water supply system in a home or apartment uses underground water or water supplied by local Municipal Corporation. Different types of pipes made from PVC plastic, aluminum, copper of different diameters are used in the system. At places, connectors are used to join or connect two pipes. A motor may also be used to supply water to the reservoir tank from where the water in then supplied to different faucets and fixtures in the home.
Kitchen Plumbing System
Plumbing system in most kitchens is simple. It includes supply of hot and cold water to the faucet and the dishwasher or even the refrigerator. Plumbing for cold water supply is simple. Plumbing for hot water supply may run across an electric or gas water heater. Instant hot water dispensers have inbuilt water heating system.
Bathroom Plumbing System
The plumbing system in a bathroom is more complex than the plumbing system in a kitchen because water has to be routed to sinks, faucets, water heater, shower or shower heads, bathtubs, toilet, bidet etc. It is essential to plan the bathroom plumbing wisely to ensure trouble-free supply and drainage of water. Improper planning or plumbing may lead to water dripping or leakage and clogging.
The drain-waste-vent system collects used waste water from the kitchen and the bathroom and delivers to the sewer. The drainage system is connected to vent pipes that ventilates sewage gasses and helps to maintain right pressure in the drain pipes for proper drainage.